Special Educational Needs (SEN)


 I worked as a special educational needs assistant for a while and I strived to understand what Special educational needs means in context.

Special Educational Needs
Some children have needs or disabilities that affect their ability to learn properly. For example:
Behavioural / social
Understanding things
Concentrating
Reading and writing
Physical needs or impairments
 
Behavioural/social: When children start school at three, they are observed on their personal, social and emotional development. Practitioners look out for their ability to make friends, manage feelings and have self confidence. A child with very low score on personal, social and emotional development will need support in place.
Understanding things: By 36 months, most children should be able to understand simple concepts like big/small. A child who has difficulty following instructions and finds answering ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions tricky will need support.
Concentrating (e.g. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder):  Most Children should be able to listen attentively in a range of situations for example, anticipating key events, give attention and respond appropriately. Where there are significant difficulties, support will be required.
 Reading and writing: (e.g. dyslexia): The early learning goals statement excepts children aged six to be able to read and understand simple sentences, use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately. Read some common irregular words and demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read.
When a child makes poor reading progress, finds it difficult to blend sounds and misses out words when reading or adds extra words, fails to recognise familiar words or loses the point of a story, or perhaps has poor motor skills, leading to weaknesses in speed, control and accuracy of the pencil the child will need an intervention to help.
Physical needs or impairments: When a child finds it difficult to show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements or when the child needs support in safely negotiating space, handling equipment and tools, specific support will be in place to help overcome the challenge.
I will be writing about the types of support available next time.
Let me know if you found it useful.

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